Spend the day exploring Agrigento, a hilltop town located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's south-western coast, home to a large archaeological site of Greek ruins.
Founded by a group of colonists from Gela circa 582 BC, the town was originally named Akragas. These colonists were direct descendants of Greeks from Rhodes and Crete, however they were not the first to inhabit the area as evidenced by the discovery of a female skull, known as the girl of Mandrascava, which dates back half a million years ago.
You will stop in the historical city centre where you can admire the Romanesque Gothic cathedral, built during the fourteenth century and the Church of San Nicola, which dates back to the thirteenth century. This ancient city was destroyed and rebuilt multiple times during the Punic Wars. Described by the Greek poet Pindar (518-438 BC), Akragas was "the most beautiful city of the mortals". It was also home to the philosopher and scientist Empedocles (490-430 BC).
Together with a professionally licensed guide, you will visit the Valley of the Temples, located outside of the city proper. In addition to the ruins of many temples, you will also find the remnants of the ancient city, including necropoli, houses, streets, a small amphitheatre, and several auditoriums. Unfortunately, the majority of the temples in Agrigento did not withstand the test of time. Their present day appearance truly are in ruins with pieces dispersed about and some even appearing to have never been completed.
There are two famous temples that remain partially intact: the Temple of Juno and the Temple of Concord. The structure of the Temple of Juno, established around 450 BC, is often compared to those in Paestum, near Salerno. And the Temple of Concord, constructed around 440 BC, is a visual delight to be seen in the illumination of the night.
Your private guide will also accompany you on a tour through the Regional Archaeological Museum of Agrigento. Located on the outskirts of town, this world renowned museum showcases ancient Greek artifacts as well as a telamon. Entrance fees are not included.
Your driver will bring you to San Leone, the seaside area of Agrigento, where you can delight in a local lunch on your own or enjoy the tranquility of the sea along the Sicilian coast.